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Highlights of 2017

Watch the best of last year on youtube or read the multimedia roundup. You can also check out some of the best research papers featuring nanoscale science and technology from IOP Materials.

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Bacterial DNA sequencing could help design 'friendlier' nanoparticles

Metagenomic analyses of large groups of microorganisms shed more light on how bacteria and other microbes behave when exposed to nanomaterials.

Distorted nano-magnets for agile polarization control

Nano-sized chiral magnetic particles suspended in a gel allow real-time control of the polarization state of light.

How to better control a nanorobotic arm

New DNA-based device can be driven by electrical fields alone and can move 100,000 times faster in solution than other such machines.

Magnetosensitive e-skin senses objects without touching

(with video) It can also detect an object’s position in space.

Using light to cure cancer

New light-activated, drug-delivery system for targeting tumours shows promise.

Nanostructured semiconductors become superabsorbers

Nanoimprinted germanium thin films boast broadband light absorption.

Graphene makes good VUV photodetector

Vacuum-ultraviolet photovoltaic device might be used to study interstellar objects.

Engineers reinvent the inductor after two centuries

On-chip devices made from intercalated graphene exploit the mechanism of kinetic inductance.

Semiconductor nanosensor measures membrane potential

New device might be used to record action potentials from multiple neurons as well as electrical signals on the nanoscale – for example, across just one synapse.

2D MXenes make photonic diodes

Researchers have made the first “passive” optical devices from Ti3C2Tx and C60 that allow for one-way transmission of light.

High-temperature superconductivity gets agile

Observations of superconducting behaviour at 92 K in powders of YBa2Cu3Ox nanotube morphology suggest the possibility of applications that are no longer hampered by the usual brittle properties of ceramics.

Mobile nanotweezers move sub-micron particles

The devices, which are based on ferromagnetic helical nanostructures integrated with silver nanoantennas that produce mechanical force in response to light, could find use in applications such as lab-on-a-chip technology, microfluidics and nanoscale assembly.

Self-assembly responds well to stress

Block copolymer self-assembly aligns with shear stresses that arise from adding an inorganic topcoat that has a different coefficient of thermal expansion from the substrate.

Liposome-like nanovesicles target tumours

New biomimetic genetically-engineered ligand-targeted nanoplatform shows promise.

Stanene grows on silver

Graphene’s heaviest cousin shows promise for nanoelectronics, spintronics and potential quantum-computing applications.

Lithium niobate makes ultra-high-Q resonators

Devices might be used to make ultra-efficient integrated photonics circuits, in quantum photonics and optical communications.

Simple spectroscopic technique to study polymer behaviour at interfaces

New results could benefit scientists working on developing colloidal formulations with an improved shelf life, lubricants, drug-delivery systems and anti-bacterial surfaces.

2017 highlights from IOP Materials

We bring you the highlights nanoscale science and technology research in 2017 from IOP Publishing's materials portfolio.

Non-fullerene organic solar cells show speedy charge separation

Mapping the charge transport in new absorber material combinations points scientists on a different path towards efficient carbon-based solar cells.

Laser-printed anti-bacterial graphene oxide helps regenerate bone

Technique may revolutionize the design of scaffolds for regenerative medicine applications.